Key Points

China Has Complained To The United Nations About The Damage To The Tiangong Space Station

News About Tiangong Space Station vs ISS

  • Recently, China has complained to the United Nations about the damage to the Tiangong Space Station by a satellite launched under Elon Musk's Starlink project.
  • China also appealed to the US to keep its space station and three astronauts safe from the satellite.
  • Both the United States and China are parties to the 'Outer Space Treaty, due to which China has complained to the United Nations.
  • This treaty came into force in the year 1967, it allows member countries to use outer space for peaceful purposes.
  • At the same time, it prohibits the deployment of such weapons in space that are genocidal.


Know about Tiangong Space Station

  • This space station is being developed by China's Chinese Manned Space Agency (CMSA) in low-Earth orbit.
  • The word 'Tiangong' means 'heavenly palace', the first module of this station was sent to Tianhe in May 2021.
  • This station will be smaller in size and about 5 times lighter in weight than the International Space Station (ISS).
  • This station can hold three astronauts; China plans to develop it completely by the year 2022.


What is Starling Project?

  • It is a satellite-based global Internet system, which was announced in 2015 by the US-based private space company SpaceX.
  • In this project, there is a plan to send thousands of satellites to low-Earth orbit.
  • Its purpose is to bring high-speed, low-latency broadband Internet to remote areas.
  • So far, about 2000 satellites have been sent under this scheme.


What is International Space Station (ISS)?

  • The International Space Station is mainly a joint effort of the space agencies of countries like the USA, Russia, Japan, Europe, and Canada.
  • This space station is located in Low-Earth Orbit at an altitude of about 400 km above the Earth's surface.
  • It orbits the Earth every 90 minutes at a speed of 28000 km/h.
  • As of April 2021, 244 astronauts from 19 countries have visited the International Space Station.


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