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APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is a name that needs no introduction. Known for his immense contribution to the growth and development of India, Kalam served as the 11th President of India and was a well-respected scientist and engineer. He is widely regarded as the "People's President" for his humble and down-to-earth nature.

Today, we will delve deeper into the life and journey of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, from his childhood to his remarkable achievements as a scientist, teacher, and president. Join us as we unravel the fascinating story of this great leader in our APJ Abdul Kalam Biography.

APJ Abdul Kalam Biography
APJ Abdul Kalam Biography


📖 Topic Of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Childhood and education
  3. Early career
  4. Contributions and Achievements
  5. Conclusion
  6. FAQs


Childhood and education

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, popularly known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He was the youngest of four siblings and was raised in a joint family.

Kalam's father, Jainulabdeen, was a boat owner who ferry pilgrims from Rameswaram to Dhanushkodi. His mother, Ashiamma, was a housewife. Kalam's ancestors were affluent landowners and traders, but his father faced financial difficulties and had to take up odd jobs to make ends meet.

Kalam had a simple childhood. He was a bright student and had a keen interest in science and mathematics. To earn some extra money, he would distribute newspapers in his village and sell tamarind seeds.

Kalam attended a local school, Schwartz High School, where he was a hard-working student. After completing his schooling, he went on to study physics at St. Joseph's College in Tiruchirapalli. He also took a degree in aeronautical engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology.

Overall, Kalam's childhood and education laid the foundation for his remarkable achievements in the field of science and technology and his contributions to India's defense and space programs.


Early career

After completing his degree, Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist in 1958. He worked on the development of guided missiles and was part of the team that developed India's first satellite launch vehicle, the SLV-3. Kalam was eventually appointed as the director of the DRDO.

In 1982, Kalam became the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister of India, a position he held for two years. He then served as the Secretary to the Department of Defence Research and Development and as the Director-General of the DRDO from 1992 to 1999.

In 1998, Kalam played a crucial role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests. These tests were conducted 24 years after India's first nuclear test under the leadership of then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

In 2002, Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India. He was the first scientist and the first Muslim to hold the position. Kalam served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007.


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Contributions and achievements

Apart from his service as the President of India, he had made several significant contributions to the country.

  1. Nuclear technology: APJ Abdul Kalam played a crucial role in developing India's nuclear program, including the Pokhran-II nuclear tests.
  2. Missile technology: He is known as the 'Missile Man of India' due to his contribution in the development of ballistic missile technology and the successful launch of Agni, Prithvi, and Akash missiles.
  3. Education Reform: As a President of India, he initiated several educational reforms, including the 'National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning', which promoted the use of technology in learning and teaching.
  4. Inspiring Youth: One of Kalam's most significant achievements was inspiring millions of young people across India and around the world to challenge themselves and pursue their dreams with passion and determination, leading to his being known as the "People's President".
  5. Awards and Honors: He was awarded some of the most prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, and the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development. Despite his success, Kalam remained a humble and simple man, known for his kindness and compassion.

APJ Abdul Kalam's contributions and achievements continue to inspire millions of people worldwide to pursue excellence in their personal and professional lives.



The life of APJ Abdul Kalam was truly remarkable and inspiring. Kalam's hard work, perseverance, and dedication to his goals enabled him to overcome several challenges and obstacles throughout his life. His principles of compassion, integrity, and respect for all have left a lasting impact on the people of India and the world.

This short and simple biography has provided a glimpse into the incredible journey of this great man, and we hope that you will share it with others to spread awareness of his accomplishments and legacy.


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FAQs On APJ Abdul Kalam

Who wrote Fire of Wings?

The name of the book is not "Fire of Wings", but "Wings of Fire", and the author is Arun Tiwari.

Why is Abdul Kalam so famous?

Abdul Kalam is famous for his contributions to the field of aerospace and science, particularly in the development of India's ballistic missile technology. He also served as the President of India from 2002 to 2007 and was known for his inspirational speeches and passion for education and youth development.

Why Abdul Kalam is inspirational?

Abdul Kalam is inspirational because of his humble beginnings as a paper boy who went on to become a renowned scientist and the President of India. He always put the country first and was dedicated to the progress of science and technology. He was also a great mentor to young people and encouraged them to pursue their dreams. His simplicity, hard work, and love for the nation continue to inspire people around the world.

What are the inventions of Abdul Kalam?

Some of his notable inventions and accomplishments include the development of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), the Agni and Prithvi missiles, and the development of a lightweight prosthetic hand for amputees. He also played a key role in India's space and defense programs, including the Pokhran-II nuclear tests.