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Biography of Mahatma Gandhi | Mahatma Gandhi Life Story in Short

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi 

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi | Mahatma Gandhi Life Story in Short

Mahatma Gandhi Full Name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. Mohandas belongs to the social caste of traders. His mother was illiterate, but her common sense and religious devotion had a lasting effect on Gandhi's character.

As a young man, Mohandas was a good student, but the shy young man showed no signs of leadership. After the death of his father, Mohandas went to England for a law degree. He joined the vegetarian community and was once asked to translate the Hindu Bhagavad Gita. This classic of Hindu literature made Gandhi proud in Indian texts, including the Gita pearl.

During this time he also studied the Bible and was influenced by the teachings of Jesus Christ, with a special emphasis on humility and forgiveness. He adhered to the Bible and the Bhagavad Gita throughout his life, although he was critical of both religions.

After completing his law degree, Gandhi returned to India, where he was soon deported to South Africa for his legal practice. In South Africa, Gandhi was shocked by racism and the injustice that Indians often experience. Gandhi was the first to launch civil disobedience and protest campaigns in South Africa; He called his non-violent protest a Satyagraha.

Despite being in prison for a short time, he supported the British under certain circumstances. He was decorated by the British for his work during the Boer War and the Zulu Rebellion. After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. Became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement campaigning for Swaraj.

Gandhi successfully instigated non-violent protests. This includes a national strike of one or two days. The British demanded a ban on the protests but made it harder to deal with the nature of the violent protests and strikes. Gandhi encouraged his followers to practice internal discipline to prepare for independence.

Gandhi said that Indians should prove that they deserve freedom. This is in stark contrast to independence leaders like Aurobindo Ghosh, who argued that Indian independence was not about whether India would provide better or worse government, but that India had a right to self-government.

Gandhi clashed with others in the Indian independence movement, such as Subhash Chandra Bose, who suggested direct action to overthrow the British. Gandhi often called off strikes and non-violent protests when he heard that people were rioting or being associated with violence.

In 1930, Gandhi led a famous march across the sea in protest against the new Salt Acts. At sea, he violated British rules and made his own salt. Several hundred people were arrested and Indian jails were filled with followers of Indian independence. However, at the height of the campaign, some Indian protesters killed some British civilians, and as a result, Gandhi withdrew from the independence movement.

It broke the hearts of many Indians who were committed to independence. This led to hardliners like Bhagat Singh campaigning for independence, which was particularly strong in Bengal. After the war, Britain suggested that they give independence to India. However, with the support of the Jinnah-led Muslims, the British planned to divide India into two parts: India and Pakistan. 

Gandhi ideologically opposed partition. He worked hard to show that Muslims and Hindus could live in peace. In their prayer meetings, Muslim prayers were recited along with Hindu and Christian prayers. However, Gandhi agreed to partition and spent Independence Day mourning for partition.

Even Gandhi's fasts and appeals were not enough to stem the wave of religious violence and murder that followed the Partition. Away from the politics of Indian independence, Gandhi was a fierce critic of the Hindu caste system. In particular, he protested against the "Untouchable Caste" that treats society with disgust. He launched several campaigns to change the status of the untouchables. Although his campaigns met with much resistance, they went a long way in replacing the centuries-old bias

At the age of 78, Gandhi undertook another fast to try to stop the assassinations. 5 days later, the leaders agreed to stop the killing. But ten days later Gandhi was shot dead by a Hindu Brahmin in protest of his support for Muslims and untouchables. Gandhi was a truth seeker. Gandhi said that seeing God was the greatest goal in his life. He sought to worship God and to promote religious understanding.



Gandhi was inspired by many religions: Jainism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism, incorporating them into his philosophy. On several occasions, he used religious practices and fasting as part of his political policy. Gandhi realized that personal examples could influence public opinion.


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