Key Points

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography

Chandra shekhar Azad, an icon of India's freedom struggle, was a fearless revolutionary who fearlessly fought against British imperialism. Born on July 23, 1906, in Bhavra (Bhabhra), Madhya Pradesh, Azad's indomitable spirit and unwavering commitment to the cause of independence made him a legendary figure in history.

This biography aims to shed light on his extraordinary life, from his rebellious youth to his untimely martyrdom, highlighting the pivotal role he played in shaping India's destiny.

Join us to know about the Biography of Chandra Shekhar Azad, a true symbol of courage, sacrifice and unwavering patriotism.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography
Chandra Shekhar Azad Biography


📖 Topic of Contents:

  1. Introduction
  2. Early Life and Education
  3. Contributions to the Revolutionary Movements
  4. How did Chandra Shekhar Azad die?
  5. Legacy and Impact
  6. Conclusion
  7. FAQs


Early Life and Education

Chandra Shekhar Azad, also known as Chandra Sekhar Tiwari, was born on July 23, 1906, in Bhabhra village in the present-day state of Madhya Pradesh, India. He was born into a Hindu Brahmin family. Azad's father's name was Sitaram Tiwari, and his mother's name was Jagrani Devi.

Azad received his early education in Bhabhra, where he studied in a local primary school. It was during this time that he became deeply influenced by the prevailing nationalist sentiments in the country and started developing a strong determination to fight against British colonial rule.

He completed his education until the eighth grade and then moved to the nearby town of Varanasi (now in Uttar Pradesh) for further studies. In Varanasi, he enrolled at the Sanskrit Pathshala, a traditional Indian school, to pursue higher education. However, his involvement in the nationalist movement compelled him to leave formal education and dedicate himself to the cause of Indian independence.

Driven by strong nationalist sentiments, Chandra Shekhar Azad joined the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1921. Gandhi's call for non-violent civil disobedience deeply inspired Azad. However, the violent Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 and the lack of immediate success for non-violent protests caused Azad to embrace a more radical and militant approach towards freeing India.

Despite his limited formal education, Azad was an avid reader and a self-taught individual. He spent considerable time studying and understanding revolutionary literature and ideologies. He believed that armed resistance was necessary to achieve independence since he felt that non-violent methods alone would not be sufficient to overthrow British rule.

Chandra Shekhar Azad's education was not limited to books; he actively participated in numerous protests, demonstrations, and underground revolutionary activities. He wanted to inspire fellow Indians to rise against the British and was determined to play a crucial role in the struggle for independence.

His dedication, bravery, and leadership skills made him one of the most revered and influential figures in the Indian independence movement. Chandra Shekhar Azad became an iconic symbol of resistance and sacrifice, inspiring generations of Indians to fight for their freedom.


Contributions to the Revolutionary Movements | Founding of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Azad was a fearless and skilled marksman. He led and organized various acts of resistance against the British, primarily in northern India, during the 1920s and 1930s. One of his major contributions was the establishment of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928, along with other revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar.

Azad actively participated in several revolutionary activities, including the Kakori Conspiracy of 1925, which aimed to loot a train carrying funds for the British government, and the assassination of British police officer John Saunders in 1928 in response to the brutal lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai during a protest against the Simon Commission.

Azad was also known for evading capture by the British authorities. His prowess in guerrilla warfare, his ability to change disguises, and his determination to never be arrested earned him the nickname "Azad".


Chandra Shekhar Azad death

Unfortunately, Azad's time in the freedom movement was cut short. On February 27, 1931, he engaged in a fierce gun battle with the British police in Alfred Park, Allahabad (Prayagraj), to provide cover for his comrades' escape. Realizing he was outnumbered and surrounded, he made the ultimate sacrifice by shooting himself rather than surrendering to the British forces.

Chandra Shekhar Azad's commitment to the cause of Indian independence and his undeniable bravery have made him a revered figure in Indian history. He is remembered as one of the freedom fighters who selflessly gave their lives for the freedom and betterment of their country.

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Legacy and Impact of Chandra shekhar Azad

Chandra shekhar Azad's legacy and influence are significant and have left an indelible mark on the country, some selected points of which are given below.

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad never feared the consequences of his actions and was ready to sacrifice his life for the freedom of his country.
  • Azad was a founding member of the HSRA, an organization dedicated to armed resistance against the British. The HSRA played an instrumental role in planning and executing various acts of rebellion against the British, spreading the spirit of nationalism among the masses.
  • He has become a symbol of resistance against oppression and tyranny. His courage and dedication to the cause of independence have inspired generations of Indians to fight for their rights and stand up against injustice.
  • Azad had a significant impact on Bhagat Singh, another prominent revolutionary. The two revolutionaries worked closely together and shared a common ideology. Azad's fearless approach and commitment to the cause deeply influenced Singh, who went on to become one of India's most renowned freedom fighters.
  • Chandra Shekhar Azad embraced martyrdom rather than surrender to the British, he fought bravely till his last breath and chose death rather than imprisonment.

Overall, his contributions had a profound impact on the Indian independence movement and continue to resonate with the nation even today.



Chandra Shekhar Azad was a fearless and heroic figure in India's struggle for independence. His unwavering determination and commitment to the cause inspired countless others to join the fight against British colonial rule.

Despite facing immense pressure and threats from the authorities, Azad remained resolute and continued to work towards the goal of a free and independent India.

His sacrifices and contributions will forever be remembered as a symbol of resistance and the indomitable spirit of the Indian people.

I hope you have enjoyed this biography, reading about real heroes today who will not be forgotten tomorrow. We cannot repay the debt of the sacrifice of such heroes, but we can definitely give peace to their souls by being religious (virtuously) and performing our duty every day.



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FAQs about Chandra Shekhar Azad

Where did Azad died?

Alfred Park, Allahabad (Prayagraj).

Why did Chandra Shekhar Azad died?

Chandra Shekhar Azad died on February 27, 1931, during a shootout with the British police in Alfred Park, Allahabad (Prayagraj). He had chosen to die rather than surrender to the British authorities.

What is the famous slogan of Chandra shekhar Azad?

The famous slogan of Chandra Shekhar Azad is 'Dushman ki goliyon ka hum samna karenge, Azad hi rahein hain, Azad hi rahenge' which translates to 'We will face the bullets of our enemies, we are free and will always remain free'.

What is the role of Chandra Shekhar Azad in freedom struggle?

Chandra Shekhar Azad's influence on the freedom struggle was immense, inspiring countless young revolutionaries to join the movement. He symbolized a spirit of fearlessness and sacrifice, becoming an embodiment of the aspirations of the Indian people for freedom. Azad's martyrdom in 1931 during a gunfight with the British police further fueled the determination of Indians to fight for independence.