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Ertugrul Ghazi life true story | Rise of the Ottomans and Fall of the Seljuk's

Ertugrul Ghazi True Story | Ertugrul Ghazi life history

The True Story of Ertugrul Ghazi | Fall of the Seljuk's and Rise of the Ottomans


Ottoman Empire ruled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa for over 625 years approx. The name of the empire came from Osman 1st, but the foundation of the empire was laid down by Ertugrul Ghazi in the town of Sogut. The date of birth of Ertugrul is unknown to historian and very little is known about the early life of him.


Ertugrul Ghazi Life True Story | Ertugrul Ghazi Life History

According to some sources he was the son of Suleiman Shah, who was the leader of a Turkish tribe named Kayi. Kayi was a small nomad tribe in central Asia, people of the Kayi tribe made their living by grazing sheep and selling handmade carpets.

They used to migrate from place to place in search of water and fertile land. Young men of the Kayi Tribe were valiant, brave, were experts in sword fighting, and shooting arrows. For young men, it was compulsory to take formal training of Soldiers. Turkish term for a soldier is Alp.

The 13th century was the age of Mongols. Mongols were brutal and they aimed to conquer the whole world. After capturing more than half of the World explored at that time, Mongols decided to capture the Muslim states which were ruled by the Seljuk Empire. Kayi tribe migrated from central Asia to Iran and then from Iran to Anatolia (The modern Day turkey) to escape the Mongols raid.


Ertugrul Ghazi personal life:

Ertugrul's wife was Halima Sultan, but this matter is disputed among historians. There is a grave outside the tomb of Ertugrul which bears the name of Halima Sultan. Some historians believe that he had more than one wife. Ertugrul had three sons Gunduz, Savci and Osman.

Osman was his youngest son who continued his legacy and became the founder of the Ottoman Empire. His son Savci died at a young age. Ertugrul was a valiant warrior and pious Muslim. Ghazi at the end of his name represents "a heroic champion fighter for the cause of Islam".

Ertugrul became the leader of Kayi:

Suleiman Shah the father of Ertugrul was suffering from cancer, he died while crossing the Euphrates River with his sons. After the death of Suleiman Shah, a dispute aroused among his sons. Kayi Tribe was divided into two. Two of his son, along with their families and many companions went to Ahlat, while Ertugrul with his mother and 400 companions went to Asia Minor.

Ertugrul encounter with Sultan Aladdin kayqubad. On his way to Asia Minor, Ertugrul and his companion saw two forces fighting with each other. He didn't know who they were. Still, he decided to support the weak force. His support turned the tables and Army that was about to lose the battle turned victorious. That army was of Sultan Aladdin kayqubad (the leader of the Seljuk Empire).

Views of historians about the opponent Army are disputed; some say the opponent Army was of Byzantine Empire, while most of the historians believe Army was of Mongols. Sultan Aladdin kayqubad got impressed by the Ertugrul and his Alps. It is said that Sultan awarded him that area to secure the border of the Seljuk Empire, as that area was adjacent to the Byzantine Empire.

Ertugrul defeated the Mongols and captured various castles of the Byzantine Empire. Later the Sultan of Seljuk Empire Aladdin kayqubad allotted him new territory in the town of Sogut, which was on the frontier with the Byzantines. Ertugrul captured Sogut along with its surrounding lands. Later Sogut became the Ottoman capital under his son, Osman-I.


Fall of the Seljuk's and Rise of the Ottomans:

Ertugrul became a close ally of Sultan Aladdin kayqubad. After Sultan's death, his young son Keykavus took his throne. Though Sultan Keykavus was young when took his father's place. He resisted well against the invasion of Mongols and Byzantines. Keykavus was the last powerful Sultan of the Seljuk Empire.

After Keykavus, power fell into the hands of the Mongols. In 1258, Mongols sacked Baghdad (capital of the Abbasid caliphate), killed its caliph Al-Musta'sim and massacred residents of the city. Leaders of the Seljuk Empire wanted to avoid the fate of Baghdad and agreed to pay heavy taxes to Mongols to avoid their invasion of Seljuk's land.

Seljuk Empire became a dummy empire and was controlled by Mongols. Seljuk leaders cannot make a single decision without the permission of the Mongols. This led to the fall of the Seljuk Empire; Ertugrul was in Sogut at that time. Seeing the miserable condition of his state, he decided not to pay taxes to Mongols and built his state in Sogut.


Death of Ertugrul Ghazi:

This vision of Ertugrul was later taken by his youngest son Osman, which led to the rise of another empire, "The Great Ottoman Empire." Which ruled till World War 1. Ertugrul died in 1281 at the age of 90. He was not murdered or killed by anyone, he died a natural death. Tomb and mosque dedicated to Ertugrul had been built by Osman-I at Sogut.



1.    Which Areas and how much time Ottoman Empire Ruled?

Answer: Ottoman Empire ruled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa for over 800 years.


2.    What was the name of Ertugrul's father and his Tribe?

Answer: Ertugrul's Father name was Suleiman Shah, and they belong to the Turkish Kayi Tribe.


3.    What was the name of Ertugrul Ghazi's wife?

Answer: Ertugrul's wife name was Halima Sultan, and she belonged to the Royal Family Seljuk Empire.


4.    How many Children Ertugrul Ghazi had?

Answer: Ertugrul had three sons Gunduz, Savci and Osman.


5.    Who was the Sultan Aladdin Kayqubad?

Answer: Sultan Aladdin Kayqubad was the Leader of the Seljuk Empire.


6.    When the Ertugrul Ghazi died? Where is his Tomb?

Answer: Ertugrul died in 1281 at the age of 90. In Sogut his Tomb exists.


7.    Who Was the Founder of the Ottoman Empire?

Answer: Osman-I Was the Founder of the Ottoman Sultanate or Empire.


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