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The Epic Story of Ramayan: From Heaven to Earth

Ramayan: The Epic Story of Rama | Rama: The 7th Incarnation of Lord Vishnu

Dashavatar represents the ten different incarnations of Lord Vishnu, which were taken to save the earth and its living beings from destruction. This article will narrate the story of the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

The Epic Story of Ramayan: From Heaven to Earth


Who is Rama?

Lord Rama is one of the most adored and worshipped gods in India. He is depicted holding a bow and arrow indicating his readiness to destroy evils, his story forms the epic Ramayana. Rama can be described as a man who displays perfect moral and social behavior. In the words of Swami Vivekananda, Rama is the embodiment of the truth of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king. He is a symbol of the victory of night over evil. Rama is perfect in every aspect and is often referred to as Maryada Purushottam which means the one who is the supreme man.


The Epic Story of Rama: From Prince to God | The Epic Story of Lord Ram and His Family

The Epic Story of Ramayan: From Heaven to Earth
Sampurn Ramayan

Rama was the son of the king of Ayodhya, Dashratha. King Dasharatha had three wives, Kaushalya, Sumitra, and Kaikayi. Rama was born to Kaushalya, Kaikeyi gave birth to Bharata, and to Sumitra, the twins Lakshamana and Shatrughna were born. Rama was the eldest son and Bharata the second eldest. When Ram attained the age to be crowned king, Manthara, a servant maid brainwashed Kaikeyi that Bharata should be the king and not Rama.

After repeated attempts to manipulate Kaikeyi, Manthara finally succeeds. Kaikeyi went to Dasharatha and very slyly reminded him of what he had promised her, when Dasharatha asked what did her heart desire, she said that she wanted her son Bharata to be crowned as the king of Ayodhya and that Rama should be sent on an exile of fourteen years. On hearing this, Dasharatha was spellbound but as he had promised Kaikeyi, he could not go back on his word. Even before Dasharatha could order Rama, drama at once to fulfill his father's words along with Sita and Lakshman left for their fourteen-year-long exile. It is important to remember that when these events took place, Bharata was away from the kingdom and thus was unaware of all that happened. After coming back he was sad and angry about his mother's bad deed. He reprimanded her and wished that she was dead. Ram, on the other hand, was camping in Chitrakoot and leading a simple life. But later, they moved to Panchavati as suggested by Agasthya Muni.


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Shurpanakha the sister of Ravana of Lanka had this area occupied along with her other two brothers Khar and Doosan. One day Shurpanakha by chance happened to pass by the hermitage where Rama was staying. She was stunned by seeing these three beautiful human beings. She wanted to marry Rama, but Rama refused to entertain Shurpanakha. This made her furious and wanted to kill Sita, to protect Sita, Lakshaman cut off her nose. Shurpanakha was so angry, that she went straight to her brother Ravana and reported the matter to him.

Shurpanakha also informed Ravana about this divine beauty, Sita. Then Ravana decided to make her his wife and also fight Rama, Ravana asked his associate Maarich to take the form of an attractive deer. Maarich as told by Ravana took the shape of a golden deer and on seeing the beautiful deer, Sita wanted Rama to get it for her to play with. Rama to make his wife's wish come true went behind the deer and asked Lakshamana to take after her while he was away. As Rama left, Sita and Lakshman heard Rama call out their names in agony. Sita was so terrified by this, thinking Rama was in danger, that she asked Lakshaman to go look for Rama. Lakshaman did not want to leave Sita alone. However, Sita insists that he should go to find his brother Rama and she would be fine. Before leaving, Lakshmana drew a line on the porch and asked Sita to not cross it at any cost, Sita thus agreed.


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After they were both gone, came a sage to ask for alms, Sita was compassionate and therefore she could not turn him away and offered the Jangamaiah (sage) what she had. As soon as she crossed the line drawn by Lakshaman, the Jangam (sage) revealed himself as Ravana and took her by her waist, and abducted her. As Sita was being taken away to Lanka, Jatayu, the eagle king saw them and tried to stop Ravana, but Ravana cut his wings off and he fell to the ground. When Rama and Lakshamana returned to the hut, they were shocked to see Sita gone. Jatayu held his last breath and after telling him about Sita's abduction, he died.

A series of vigorous searches began, and both Rama and Lakshmana, at last, came to Rishyamukha Mountain. Shabari had told them to meet Sugreeva who alone would be able to help Rama to rescue Sita. Hanuman when he heard their story said in turn that king Sugreeva too was in the same predicament, as he too had lost his wife and was turned out of the kingdom by his brother. Therefore, he was sure that Sugreeva would be of use in finding Sita. Sugreeva thus took the vow of friendship, and he promised to help Rama, and Rama in return promised to make him the king of Kishkindha and also retrieve his wife. Rama killed Sugreev's brother Vali as promised and Sugreeva was made the king of Kishkindha. Upon becoming the king, Sugreeva on his part sent four batches of Vaanaras, or the monkeys towards east, west, north, and the south. And strictly ordered them that their search for Sita should be completed in the month.


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All three directions were fruitless in terms of finding Sita. However, towards the south, an eagle named Sampati informed the Vaanaras that Sita was in Lanka. And if one needed to rescue her, one must cross the ocean. But now the question remained how they do cross the ocean? Soon after, the monkey army made a bridge out of big rocks with Shree Ram written on them. The rocks floated on the water and thus all of them could cross the sea and reach Lanka. In Lanka, a huge battle broke out between both parties. Rama killed Ravana and made Vibhishana the king of Lanka. Thus, Sita was rescued and brought back. Rama, Lakshamana, and Sita came back to Ayodhya after their fourteen-year-long exile and at last, Rama became the king of Ayodhya.

His reign was the perfect example of a monarchy. Even among today's political parties in India, it is remembered as Rama-Rajya. If you feel this short story is informative then share it on social media platforms to spread the Holy story of Ramayana and Hinduism facts all over the world.


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